Feminism originated from the liberal feminism of the 18th century, based on the theory of social gender theory and social gender difference theory. Traditional feminism has gone through three stages of transition, namely, physiological differences that led to social differences, social differences that created the value relation, and then the value of the relationship that led to the concept of inequality. In the 1980s, post-modern feminist began to abandon the concept of “gender equality” of the traditional feminism, emphasizing and affirming the idea of “gender differences.”
For modern feminism, feminism originated from America and had gone through two climaxes. The first one happened from the 1850s to 1920s.The main target of this stage was to strive for women’s property right, their right to vote and the right to education. In1970s, the second climax of feminist movements appeared and the main target of them moved to the deeper level. Since the 1970s, the focus of the feminist theory by the liberal feminists has been shifted from gender equality and gender neutrality to gender difference and the female uniqueness. Thus, it has broadened the horizon for feminism.
Since the 1970s, feminist increasingly recognized that inequality between men and women not only existed in some socio-political areas, such as rights for a vote, for employment, for education rights and so on, but also in the social area which there is a deep imprint. In the system of patriarchal language created by the male, the female’s experiences were ignored, or distorted. Therefore, to change this situation for women, it is necessary to alter the fate of the language of women and eliminate gender discrimination in language use, that is, to establish a women’s style.
During this period, the feminist insisted that women’s liberation must first be the freedom of language which was one of the most famous slogans. Social authority controlled the generation and distribution of the language, and the function of the social power sector was mostly controlled by men. That means men controlled the production and use of language. Such language described men’s life, depicted men’s world, and had been promoting a patriarchal consciousness. Thus it formed the authoritative discourse of the patriarchal authority-“patriarchal language”.
Under the control of the patriarchal language, women were modeled into their social role in men’s demand and expectation. As a result, the inner world, the social experience, and personal experience of women could not be described, without their language. Therefore, the feminist appealed to the feminist statement to emphasize the unique and different qualities of women and to have this kind of discourse built in the world of women having their voice, enabling them to obtain equal status with men in ideology.Equality is always a winning goal to those who are in a disadvantaged position. It makes sense to want to improve one’s lot, and often even those who are favored by an unequal system can find it in their heart to work and fight for equality in the name of justice.
Unfortunately, as much as I agree that people should receive equal pay for equal work regardless of their gender and that if a man has the right to vote then so should a woman, I find something cold-hearted and profoundly disingenuous in today’s politically correct feminism.